Stationary Lead Acid Battery

Stationary Lead Acid Battery

Stationary Lead Acid Battery

Stationary Lead Acid Battery

IEC 60896-22 is applicable to  :-

  1. All stationary Lead-acid cells
  2. Monobloc batteries of the valve regulated type
  • For Float charge application: They can be permanently connected to a load and d.c. power supply.
  • In a static location: not generally moved from place to place.

They are incorporated into stationary equipment or installed in battery room.

These kinds of batteries can be used in

  • Telecom
  • UPS
  • Utility switch
  • Emergency power or similar applications

Objective of IEC 60896-22 :- It specify the methods of tests for all types and construction of valve regulated stationary Lead acid batteries and monobloc batteries.

Does not applicable :

  • lead-acid cells and monobloc batteries used for vehicle engine starting applications
  • solar photovoltaic energy systems
  • general purpose applications

There is a list of tests performed on the batteries for safe operation characteristics, durability Characterstics & performance Characteristics.

Safe operation characteristics


Test Clause Measure Purpose
6.1 Gas emission To determine the emitted gas volume
6.2 High Current Tolerance To verify the adequacy of current conductioncross- sections
6.3 Short circuit current & d.c internal resistance To provide data for the sizing of fuses in theexterior circuit
6.4 Protection against internal ignition from external spark sources To evaluate the adequacy of protective features
6.5 Protection against ground short propensity To evaluate the adequacy of design features
6.6 Content and durability of required markings To evaluate the quality of the markings and thecontent of the information
6.7 Material identification To ensure the presence of material identificationmarkings
6.8 Valve operation To ensure the correct opening of safety valves
6.9 Flammability rating of materials To verify the fire hazard class of battery materials
6.10 Intercell connector performance To verify the maximum surface temperatures ofthe connectors during high rate discharges

Performance characteristics

Test Clause Measure purpose
6.11 Discharge capacity To verify the available capacities at selecteddischarge rates or discharge durations.
6.12 Charge retention during storage To provide storage duration data
6.13 Float service with daily discharges To determine cyclic performance under float charge conditions
6.14 Recharge behavior To determine the recovery of capacity orautonomy time after a power outage

Durability Characteristics

Test Clause Measure purpose
6.15 Service life at an operating temperature of40 °C To determine the operational life at elevated temperatures
6.16 Impact of a stress temperature of 55 °C or60 °C To determine the influence of high stresstemperatures on cell or monobloc battery life
6.17 Abusive over-discharge To determine the expected behaviour when excessive capacity is discharged
6.18 Thermal runaway sensitivity To determine the expected times to establish a condition of escalating current and temperature
6.19 Low temperature sensitivity To determine the sensitivity toward damage induced by electrolyte freezing
6.20 Dimensional stability at elevated internalpressure and temperature To determine the propensity of the cell ormonobloc battery to be deformed by internal

pressure and at elevated temperature

6.21 Stability against mechanical abuse of unitsduring installation To determine the propensity of the cell ormonobloc battery to fracture or leak when


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